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Monday, December 22, 2014

ျမန္မာ့ကမ္းလြန္ ေရနံႏွင့္ သဘာ၀ဓာတ္ေငြ႕ ရင္းႏွီးျမွပ္ႏွံမႈ အေျခေန

ျမန္မာ့ကမ္းလြန္ေရနံႏွင့္ သဘာ၀ဓာတ္ေငြ႕လုုပ္ကြက္ေပါင္း    ၅၀နီးပါးရွိတဲ့ အထဲမွာ   ကမ္းလြန္ လုပ္ကြက္ ၁၆ ခု က်န္ရွိေနေသးၿပီး ၂၀၁၅ ခုႏွစ္၊ ဇန္န၀ါရီလကုန္တြင္ အၿပီးသတ္ေဆာင္ရြက္ သြားမည္
ျဖစ္သည္။
အမိေျမမွာေရႊကုုန္သည္တခ်ိဳ႕ ကမၻာတန္းမွီသူေဌးႀကီးေတြ Tycoon အျဖစ္ေရာက္ရွိသြားက်တာ ဒီေရနံေတြ
ႏွင့္ဖက္စပ္လုုပ္ကိုုင္ခြင့္ရေနက်တာေၾကာင့္ျဖစ္ပါတယ္....ေရနံႏွင့္ ေရႊေစ်းက အတက္ဘဲရွိတာကိုုး....


တေျဖးေျဖးရွားပါးကုုန္ခန္းလာတဲ့ ေရနံေတြႏွင့္ တိုုးတက္လာတဲ့ သံုုးစြဲမႈေတြေၾကာင့္ လိုုအပ္ဒီထက္လိုုအပ္
ေနပါေသးတယ္...ဒါေၾကာင့္ ေရနံအစားထိုုးနည္းပညာေလးေတြ မတိုုးေသးသမ ွ်ေတာ့ လုုိအပ္ေနအံုုးမွာပါ..
ဒါေၾကာင့္လဲ အနည္းငယ္တာ အစားထိုုးႏိုုင္ေသးတဲ့ သဘာ၀ဓာတ္ေငြ႕သည္လဲ အေရးပါလာရတာေပါ့..
သဘာ၀ေပး ဘယံဇတေပါမ်ားတဲ့ အမိေျမလဲ အေရးႀကီးတဲ့ အခန္းကပါလာရတာပါဘဲ.... ဒါေပမဲ့ စိတ္
မေကာင္းစရာက တာ၀န္ရွိသူေတြ ကိုုယ္က်ိဳးရွာမႈမ်ားျပားတာေၾကာင့္ ဖြင့္ျဖိဳးတိုုးတက္သင့္သေလာက္ မ
တိုုးရတာပါဘဲ...
ဒါေပမဲ့ အမိေျမက ေရနံကိုုေတာ့ႏိုုင္ငံတကာကိုု တင္ပိုု႔ႏိုုင္ျခင္းမရွိေသးတာကိုုထူးစမ္းစြာေတြ႕ရွိရၿပီး ျပည္တြင္းကိုု  ျပန္ေတာင္သြင္းေနရေသးတာ တရက္ကိုု စည္ေပါင္း ၅ေထာင္သြင္းေနရပါတယ္လိုု႔ ၂၀၁၃ခုုႏွစ္ စာရင္းမွာ ေတြ႕ရတယ္... ထုုတ္လုုပ္မႈ နည္းပညာေတြ လံုုး၀မရွိ အားနည္းေနေသးတယ္ေလ၊ ေခတ္အေတာ္ကိုုေနာက္က်က်န္ေနခဲ့ပါၿပီ..... ဒါမွမဟုုတ္ စီးပြာျဖစ္ေရနံအေျမာက္အျမားမထြက္ရွိတာလား
လိုု႔ စဥ္းစားစရာပါဘဲ....
ထူးဆန္းစြာ သဘာ၀ဓာတ္ေငြ႕တခုုဘဲ အိမ္နီးခ်င္းႏိုုင္ငံေတြကိုု တင္ပိုု႔ႏိုုင္ေသးတာကိုု ေတြ႕ရတယ္....






ကမ္းလြန္လုပ္ကြက္ေလးခုတြင္ ထပ္မံရင္းႏွီးျမႇဳပ္ႏွံမည္

ကမ္းလြန္ေရနံႏွင့္ သဘာ၀ဓာတ္ေငြ႕ လုပ္ ကြက္မ်ားအတြက္ ထုတ္လုပ္မႈအေပၚ ခြဲေ၀ ေရး စာခ်ဳပ္မ်ားကုိ ဒီဇင္ဘာလဆန္းတြင္ စတင္လက္မွတ္ေရးထုိးခဲ့ရာ ပထမ အသုတ္လက္မွတ္ေရးထုိးၿပီးျဖစ္ေသာ ကမ္းလြန္ လုပ္ကြက္ ေလးခုအတြက္ သက္ဆုိင္ရာ ကုမၸဏီမ်ားက အေမရိကန္ေဒၚလာသန္း ၅၀၀ ေက်ာ္ရင္းႏွီးျမႇဳပ္ႏွံသြားမည္ ျဖစ္သည္။

မုတၱမႏွင့္ တနသၤာရီကမ္းလြန္ပိုင္းရွိ လုပ္ကြက္အမွတ္ M-4 ႏွင့္ YEB တုိ႔အတြက္ ထုတ္လုပ္မႈအေပၚ ခြဲေ၀ေရးစာခ်ဳပ္ကို ျမန္မာ့ ေရနံႏွင့္ သဘာ၀ဓာတ္ေငြ႕လုပ္ငန္းႏွင့္ အိႏၵိယႏိုင္ငံက Oil IndiaMercator Petro- luem ႏွင့္ Oilmax Energyတုိ႔အၾကား ဒီဇင္ဘာလ ၄ ရက္ေန႔က လက္မွတ္ေရးထုိးခဲ့ ၾကသည္။

အဆုိပါ လုပ္ကြက္ႏွစ္ခု၌ ရွာေဖြေရးကာလေျခာက္ႏွစ္အတြင္း အိႏိၵယကုမၸဏီ မ်ားက အေမရိကန္ေဒၚလာ ၁၂၀ ဒသမ ၉ သန္း ရင္းႏွီးျမႇဳပ္ႏွံသြားမည္ျဖစ္ၿပီး ေဒသခံမိတ္ဖက္ကုမၸဏီအျဖစ္ ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံရွိ Oil Star Management ကုမၸဏီက ပါ၀င္ လုပ္ကိုင္မည္ျဖစ္သည္။ အဆုိပါ ကမ္းလြန္လုပ္ကြက္ႏွစ္ခုအတြက္ လက္မွတ္ထုိးဆုေၾကးအျဖစ္ အေမရိကန္ေဒၚလာေျခာက္သန္းႏွင့္ လုပ္ကြက္မ်ားဆုိင္ရာ အခ်က္အလက္မ်ားအတြက္ အေမရိကန္ေဒၚလာ ႏွစ္ေသာင္းလည္း သီးသန္႔ရရွိမည္ျဖစ္သည္။

ရခုိင္ကမ္းလြန္ရွိ ေရနက္ပိုင္းလုပ္ကြက္ အမွတ္ AD-3 အတြက္ ထုတ္လုပ္မႈအေပၚ ခြဲေ၀ေရးစာခ်ဳပ္ခ်ဳပ္ဆုိျခင္းကိုလည္း လန္ဒန္ အေျခစုိက္ Ophir Energy ႏွင့္ ျမန္မာ့ေရနံ ႏွင့္ သဘာ၀ဓာတ္ေငြ႕လုပ္ငန္းတုိ႔ ဒီဇင္ဘာ ၄ ရက္က လက္မွတ္ေရးထုိးခဲ့ၿပီး Ophir Energy ကုမၸဏီက 'ကန္'ေဒၚလာ၂၅၈ ဒသမ ၃ သန္း ရင္းႏွီးျမႇဳပ္ႏွံသြားမည္ ျဖစ္သည္။ "ကမ္းလြန္ရွာေဖြေရး လုပ္ငန္းလုပ္ႏိုင္ ဖုိ႔
လာမယ့္မုိးရာသီအၿပီးထိ ေစာင့္ရမွာပါ။ ၂၀၁၇ ခုႏွစ္မွာ အစမ္းတြင္းတူးႏိုင္ဖုိ႔ ေမွ်ာ္မွန္းထားပါတယ္"ဟု Ophir Energy ၏၊ စီမံခန္႔ခဲြေရးအရာရွိခ်ဳပ္ မစၥတာ ေဘလ္ ဟစ္ဂ္က ေျပာသည္။

Ophir Energy ႏွင့္ ျမန္မာက Parami Energyတို႔ ေဆာင္ရြက္သြားမည္ျဖစ္သည္။ မုတၱမကမ္းလြန္ရွိ ေရတိမ္ပိုင္းလုပ္ကြက္ တစ္ခုျဖစ္ေသာ M8 အတြက္ ထုတ္လုပ္မႈ အေပၚ ခြဲေ၀ေရးစာခ်ဳပ္ခ်ဳပ္ဆုိျခင္းကို Berlanga Holding ကုမၸဏီႏွင့္ ျမန္မာ့ေရနံ ႏွင့္ သဘာ၀ဓာတ္ေငြ႕လုပ္ငန္းတုိ႔ ဒီဇင္ဘာ၅ ရက္တြင္ လက္မွတ္ေရးထုိးခဲ့သည္။ ယခင္က အျခားေရနံကုမၸဏီမ်ား လုပ္ ကုိင္ခဲ့ဖူးသည့္ အဆုိပါလုပ္ကြက္ M8 အတြက္ လက္မွတ္ထုိးဆုေၾကး၊'ကန္'ေဒၚလာ ၁၅ သန္းႏွင့္ လုပ္ကြက္ဆုိင္ရာအခ်က္အလက္ မ်ားအတြက္ ေဒၚလာငါးသိန္းကို ျမန္မာ ႏိုင္ငံက ရရွိမည္ျဖစ္သည္။

ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံက A1 Minining ကုမၸဏီႏွင့္ တြဲဖက္လုပ္ကိုင္မည့္ Berlanga Holding ကုမၸဏီသည္ကမ္းလြန္လုပ္ကြက္ ၾ၈ တြင္ ရွာေဖြေရးကာလ ေျခာက္ႏွစ္အတြင္း အေမ ရိကန္ေဒၚလာ ၁၅၃ သန္းရင္းႏွီးျမႇဳပ္ႏွံသြား မည္လည္း ျဖစ္သည္။ ထုတ္လုပ္မႈအေပၚခြဲေ၀ေရးစာခ်ဳပ္ခ်ဳပ္ဆုိရန္ ကမ္းလြန္ လုပ္ကြက္ ၁၆ ခု က်န္ရွိေနေသးၿပီး ၂၀၁၅ ခုႏွစ္၊ ဇန္န၀ါရီလကုန္တြင္ အၿပီးသတ္ေဆာင္ရြက္ သြားမည္ျဖစ္သည္။

ထုတ္လုပ္မႈအေပၚခြဲေ၀ေရးစာခ်ဳပ္၏ သက္တမ္းမွာ ႏွစ္ေပါင္း ၃၀ ျဖစ္ၿပီး ကမ္းလြန္ လုပ္ကြက္ ၂၀အတြက္ စာခ်ဳပ္လက္မွတ္ထုိး ဆုေၾကးေငြအျဖစ္ အေမရိကန္ ေဒၚလာ ၂၂၆ ဒသမ ၁ သန္းကုိလည္း ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံက ရရွိမည္ျဖစ္သည္။


Off Seashore Work Permitted Eight Myanmar Companies
From : Myanmar Times News Journal
Apr 03, 2014


In Myanmar Offshore Sites, there were already eight Myanmar Companies being selected to do Oil and Natural Gas Exploration and Exploitation said the news.

Selected International Co. List which Ten Offshore Shallow water Sites and ten Offshore Deep Sea Sites were released by the Ministry of Energy last week, Myanmar Companies that may participate in co-work was not notified yet.

“In last Tender Phase has to be co-stated Myanmar Co. go-to-work joint with Foreign Co., so that Company Pairs to co-work which to what permitted they were as it was proposed in document,” said U Pe Zin Htun, Director General from the Department of Energy Planning in the Offshore Tender Notification Ceremony.
For 20 Offshore Worksites, there were Operator-allocated International Companies 13 numbers; 10 in Shallow water Work Sites and 8 in some Deep Sea Work Sites were permitted to co-work said Myanmar Oil and Natural Gas Enterprise MOGE.
For Shallow water Work Sites such as A-4 and A-7 and Deep Sea Work Sites such as AD-2 and AD- 5, British-based BG Asia Pacific and Australia-based Woodside Oil Companies were chosen.
As Joint Co. Myanmar Top Oil Boss Michael Moe Myint’s Myanmar Petroleum E & P (MPEP) got permission to do joint whose portion of Myanmar Co. got permit the most Work Site to do.
US-based Chevron (Unocal Myanmar) Co. was selected for Offshore Shallow water Site A-5 and it selected pair Myanmar Co. was Royal Marine Engineering.
Shallow water Work Sites such as A-4, A-5 and A-7 were worked by Foreign Companies but they were handed over back to MOGE due to many reasons, and it was participated again in the First Offshore Tender Call.
For Offshore Shallow water SitesM-4 and YEB, the selected one was India Government-owned Oil India Co. and Domestic Service Provider to be paired was Oil Star Co.
For other Shallow water Sites M-7, M-8 and M-15, Australia-based ROC Oil, Transcontinental Group (TRG),and Netherlands-based Berlanga Co. were selected, and the selected paired Co. Myanmar were U Kyaw Kyaw Hlaing’s Smart E & P, U Aung Kyaw Win’s Lin Win Co., and Construction Businessman U Nyan Win’s A U Nyan Win,1 Co.
“Get the Work Chance Myanmar is so good but it may be a little investment; still not having Technology in Myanmar yet. To deal good with the Government, such Diplomacy show was input,” explained Energy Consultant U Khin Maung Cho.
India Energy Co. Reliance was selected for M-17 and M-18 and Joint Co. would be U Tin Myint’s Myanmar Co. entitled United National Resources Development Services.
Parami, the Domestic Energy Co. would have the chance to work joint with Ophir Co. which was enlisted in London Stock Exchange for Deep Sea Work Site AD-3 which got the chance of be participated in Only Foreign Co. Permitted Deep Sea Work Sites.
“Experts estimated Investment size may become potential up to US $ 60 billion when Offshore Work Site Start Time, that is, 100 % of GDP. The questionnaire may be how much Myanmar Co. could take place in the market.”
“It is the best time for Myanmar Companies to do joint for Development with International Companies including MOGE Myanmar,” said U Pyi Wa Htun, Chief Executive from Parami Energy Co.
The new Policy as “International Companies would work joint with one Myanmar Co. at least for Inland and Offshore Shallow water Work Sites” was prescribed by Ministry of Energy MOE last year that nowadays there are up to 162 Myanmar Energy Co. registered in the Department of Energy Planning.



Burma’s Frontier Appeal Lures Shadowy Oil Firms


While the major non-American Western oil companies adopt and wait-and-see policy and US firms remain barred by Washington’s sanctions, shadowy oil enterprises are gaining footholds in Burma 
Among firms which have recently won licenses to explore for oil and gas are little-known businesses based in Panama, Nigeria and Azerbaijan—countries where corporate accountability can be murky.
Not only does the bidding process remain opaque, the pedigree of some of the participants is too.
CIS Nobel Oil Company claims to be London based, but on investigation its only contact address is in Baku, capital of Azerbaijan, a former republic of the Soviet Union on the Caspian Sea.

A map showing oil and gas blocks in Burma. (Source: Burma's Ministry of Energy)
Nobel is to prospect for oil and gas on an unnamed onshore block awarded by the Burmese Ministry of Energy. Virtually nothing is known about Nobel other than that it does some prospecting in the Caspian Sea and has links with Azerbaijan’s state oil company.
Nobel and a clutch of other little known firms bid for licenses when the ministry put forward 18 onshore blocks for development last year.
A firm registered in the Central American country of Panama called Geopetrol International Holdings secured a license for another block which it will operate with Burmese partner A-1 Mining Company.
Panama is notorious for providing so-called flags of convenience for murky shipping companies which do not comply with international safety standards and regulations.
Burma’s Energy Ministry has also awarded a license to a firm called Tianjin New Highland, which appears to be Chinese but has links in the unstable African state of Nigeria, noted for its “black gold curse”—the political and business corruption around its oil wealth which has left millions of Nigerians in poverty.
Tianjin New Highland appears to have begun life in Hong Kong but is registered in the money laundering tax haven of the British Virgin Islands in the Caribbean. It also operates under the name Tianjin Energy Resources.
“These are by no means mainstream oil businesses and the ownership of some of them is rather lost in the web of addresses and registrations,” said an industry analyst in Hong Kong who did not wish to be identified.
“Take Geopetrol International as an example. It gives the impression sometimes of being based in Switzerland or France and with business links in India, but it is formally registered in Panama.”
Geopetrol already operates some form of joint venture with Goldpetrol, a subsidiary of Interra Resources of Singapore, which actually has links with Indonesia.
Confused? These webs can be extensive, leaving anyone seeking information on ownership confused and bemused.
Another little known Indonesian firm, Istech Resources Asia, has been named by the Burmese Energy Ministry as being successful in obtaining an onshore license, although it appears a local partner is still being arranged.
Under new rules, all foreign oil and gas firms starting up in Burma from now on must take on a Burmese partner.
Istech has an address in Jakarta and according to the Bloomberg Business Week companies guide specializes in oilfield support services. However, Bloomberg says on its website that the firm “does not have any key executives recorded.”
For reasons that have not been explained, only nine of the 18 onshore blocks offered last year have been awarded, and only four of those had, up to last week, completed development agreements.
Local firms named in these partnerships so far are Aye Myint Khine Company, A-1 Mining Company, and UNOG.
UNOG Pte Ltd is registered in Singapore but is run from Burma. Oil industry data names Win Kyaing as managing director. He is also linked to another firm called IGE.
Some equally obscure foreign firms are already in operation in onshore blocks in Burma, with names such as Silver Wave Sputnik Petroleum and Zarubezhnet Itera, with vaguely Russian connections.
Sputnik Petroleum says it is registered in Singapore, while its sister company Silver Wave Energy leads back to the small Russian republic of Kalmykia on the Caspian Sea. Zarubezhnet Itera has links with the Russian state in Moscow.
Only two major international oil firms took up offers in the last license bidding round. These are Petronas of Malaysia and PTTEP of Thailand, both state owned and both already engaged in Burma’s oil and gas industry.
“The apparent lack of interest from major players was surprising, although last year’s bidding round took place before big changes like Aung San Suu Kyi being elected to Parliament and the EU suspending its sanctions,” analyst Collin Reynolds in Bangkok told The Irrawaddy on May 8.
“It will be interesting to see if the next round attracts any big Western companies. However, I think many of them are waiting to see how the reforms pan out and whether they are going to be permanent. US oil firms are of course still excluded from any active participation.”
Another batch of onshore development blocks will be put up for sale in August, the Energy Ministry’s director general of planning Htin Aung said last week. A batch of offshore licenses will be offered by the end of this year, he said.
Industry giants such as Chevron, Total, Shell, Nippon, CNOOC and Mitsubishi sent representatives to the March trade show in Rangoon organized by the Ministry of Energy to promote development.
The ministry’s Htin Aung told the show’s participants that Burma has “proven” oil reserves of almost 140 million barrels and 322 billion cubic meters of gas.
Raising that volume of hydrocarbons from beneath land and sea is going to require large and long-term investment—much more than the likes of Silver Wave Sputnik Petroleum, Nobel Oil and GeoPetrol can muster.
Ref;irrwaddy




Myanmar Offshore Blocks First Bidding Round – 2013 results

The Myanmar Ministry of Energy (MOE) announced the results of the Myanmar Offshore Blocks First Bidding Round – 2013, on 26 March 2014. The round had attracted 64 bids from 36 international E&P companies for the 30 blocks offered. Of the 30 blocks offered, winning bids for 20 blocks were announced. The Petroleum Sharing Contracts (PSC) for the 10 shallow water blocks and 10 deep water blocks will be awarded to the successful bidders upon the finalisation of terms between the companies and the Ministry of Energy.
The Myanmar Offshore Blocks First Bidding Round - 2013 was launched on 11 April 2013. A total of 30 offshore areas are offered, 11 shallow water blocks and 19 deep water blocks. Different PSC terms were offered for shallow water and deep water blocks with the key difference being the requirement of local partner participation for shallow water blocks. International companies entering into a Shallow Water PSC would have to work with a local partner, while companies entering a Deep Water PSC could carry out exploration without a local partner due to the high costs and technical expertise required.
Once the PSCs have been signed, the operators would have an 18 month Environmental Impact Assessment and Study Period, after which it would have the option to enter into a 3 year exploration work programme.
The blocks to be awarded are as follows:
Offshore shallow water blocks
AreaBlock nameType of contractCompany 1Company 2Company 3
Rakhine Offshore AreaA-04PSCBG Asia Pacific Pte. LtdWoodside Energy (Myanmar) Pte. Ltd.Myanmar Petroleum Exploration & Production Co., Ltd
A-05Unocal Myanmar Offshore Co. Ltd.Royal Marine Engineering-
A-07Woodside Energy (Myanmar) Pte. Ltd.BG Asia Pacific Pte. Ltd.Myanmar Petroleum Exploration & Production Co., Ltd
Moattama Offshore AreaM-04Oil India LimitedMercator Petroleum LimitedOilmax Energy Pvt. Ltd.
M-07ROC Oil Co. Ltd.Tap Oil Ltd.Smart E&P International Limited
M-08Berlanga Holding B.V.--
Tanintharyi Offshore AreaM-15Transcontinental Group--
M-17Reliance Industries Ltd.--
M-18Reliance Industries Ltd.--
YEBOil India LimitedMercator Petroleum LimitedOilmax Energy Pvt. Ltd.
Offshore deep water blocks
AreaBlock nameType of contractCompany 1Company 2
Rakhine Offshore AreaAD-02PSCBG Exploration and Production Myanmar LimitedWoodside Energy (Myanmar) Pte. Ltd.
AD-03Ophir Energy Plc-
AD-05Woodside Energy (Myanmar) Pte. Ltd.BG Asia Pacific Pte. Ltd.
AD-09Shell Myanmar Energy (Pte) Ltd.MOECO
AD-10StatoilConocoPhillips
AD-11Shell Myanmar Energy (Pte) Ltd.MOECO
Moattama Offshore AreaMD-02ENI Myanmar B.V.-
Tanintharyi Offshore AreaMD-04ENI Myanmar B.V.-
MD-05Shell Myanmar Energy (Pte) Ltd.MOECO
YWBTotal E&P Myanmar-




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