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Friday, December 19, 2014

သဘာ၀တြင္းထြက္ ေက်ာက္မ်က္ အသိမွတ္ျပဳလက္မွတ္

အမိႏိုင္ငံမွာလဲ ဒီလိုု ႏိုင္ငံတကာလက္ခံတဲ့ ႏိုင္ငံတကာတန္း၀င္သဘာ၀ေက်ာက္မ်က္ အစစ္ အသိမွတ္ျပဳ အာမခံေက်ာက္မ်က္လက္မွတ္ေလးေတြ တြင္တြင္က်ယ္က်ယ္ အသံုုးျပဳက် ဖိုု႔ကိုလိုေနပါၿပီ... အထူးသျဖင့္ ေက်ာက္စိမ္းေတြမွာပါ...

ဒါမွလဲ ႏိုင္ငံျခားသားေတြလြယ္လြယ္ကူကူ၀ယ္ရဲက်မွာေပါ့....

သေဘာ၀ေက်ာက္မ်က္လက္မွတ္ေတြစစ္ေဆးေပးတဲ့ဓာတ္ခြဲခန္းေတြ ရွိေတာ့ရွိက်ပါတယ္၊ ဒါေပမဲ့ေက်ာကမ်က္ဆိုင္တိုင္း လူတိုင္းလဲ လက္ခံမက်င့္သံုးက်ေတာ့ ျပည္တြင္းမွာဆို အေၾကာင္း အမ်ိဳးမ်ိဳးေၾကာင့္ ျပန္ေရာင္းရတာ တအားကိုခက္ခဲလွတာကိုုေတြ႔ရပါတယ္၊
ဒါေၾကာင့္လဲ စိန္ေတြလို မ်က္ႏွာပန္းမလွက်တာပါဘဲ...ႏုိင္ငံတကာမွာ ေက်ာက္ဆိုလို႔ စိန္ေလာက္ဘဲ လူေတြ ေက်ာက္ထင္က်တာေပါ့... တခ်ိဳ႕ဆိုသိေတာင္မသိက်ပါဘူး၊ နားမလည္ က်တလဲပါမွာေပါ့...ေစ်းႀကီးလြန္းတာရယ္ ျပန္ေရာင္းရတာခက္ကေၾကာင့္လဲ လူေတြမ၀ယ္ က်လဲ ပါမွာေပါ့၊ အေတာ္မ်ားမ်ားကလဲ မ၀ယ္ႏိုင္က်ဘူးေလ၊ ႏိုုင္ငံျခားမွာ အလံုးႀကီး ေတြ ျပဴျပဴးၿဗဲၿဗဲေလးေတြ ၀တ္ရင္ အဲဒါ ေရႊမမေတြဘဲ သိတာပါတယ္....

သိသေလာက္ Gemology Lab ေတြဆိုလို႔....

  • Gubelin Gem Lab (http://www.gubelingemlab.ch)
  • AIGS (Bangkok) and New Aurora Gem lab(Mogok)http://www.aigsthailand.com  
  • GGA Lab, 
  • GSC Lab,
  • FGA lab,
  • MGA Lab,
  • Mandaing Kyaw,
  • Myanmar Gems Trade Lab,Stalwart Gem Lab,Summit(Myanmar) Lab, 
  • Asia Glory Gemmological Laboratory of Myanmar [AGGL

အမိေျမကဓာတ္ခြဲခန္းေတြဆို ပင္ရင္း Website ေတြေတာင္ မရွိက်ေသး ဘူးေလ၊ ဒီလိုုဆိုရင္ ဘယ္လိုလုပ္ၿပီး ႏိုင္ငံတကာကိုု ေစ်းကြက္ထိုးေဖာက္က်မလဲ မသိဘူးဗ်၊ အေတာ္ကိုု အေျခေနဆိုုးေနပါလားဗ်...

Online မွာ ရွာတာ myanmar yellow page မွာ ရွာၾကည့္တာ website ေတာင္မရွိရွာေသးဘူး၊ ေတာ္ေတာ္ေလးကိုု စိတ္ပ်က္ေနမိတယ္....ဘယ္လိုုလုုပ္ၿပီး ႏိုုင္ငံျခားသားေတြ ယံုၾကည့္ရမလဲ မသိေတာ့ ဘူးဗ်..


2 A Hong Kong Certificate of Jade Identification

Certificate of Jade Identification by Hong Kong Jade & Stone Laboratory
The above Certificate of Jade Identification is done by the Hong Kong Jade & Stone Laboratory on one of the floral jade that I sent in previously.
HKJSL is a reputable and independent jade and gemstones laboratory and I often send jade for their identification. They are very professional and their certificates issued are accepted and highly regarded by all jade and gems dealers. Often, HKJSL issues certificates of Jade Identification for high end jade pieces destined for auction at Christie’s and Sotheby in Hong Kong and other international cities.
For jade enthusiast and amateurs, it may be good education to understand the terms and definitions as appeared in a Jade Certificate. Certain testing procedures are necessary but may not be sufficient for a gemologist to conclude the sample’s identity while certain tests are diagnostic to make a conclusive and affirmative call. One of the testing procedure which is mandatory to determine whether a Jadeite Jade is Type A or Type B is to scan the sample with a Fourier Transform Infra-Red Equipment (FTIR) to detect the presence of organic compounds related to the C-H bond. (C for carbon and H for hydrogen)
One has to understand that whatever tests conducted and stated in a jade, diamond or gemstones certificate as issued by a gem laboratory must be empirical. That is, if a gem lab concludes that a specific test yields a certain result, then that same test must also be observable when tested in other gem labs.
I have read some jade reports, usually some proprietor-owned lab, that states a certain result which is not based on test being carried out but based on known facts of the identity of the sample. For example, a jade certificate may state that the specific gravity of a mounted ring with jade as the center piece (which is the object to be tested) is 3.32. Yes, the SG of jadeite jade is 3.32 but how does the gemologist carried out that SG test when the stone is mounted?
Hence, some knowledge on the findings of a jade report are useful.  A brief run down on each of the item of the Jade Certificate above is described below.
Under the title ‘DESCRIPTION” the item is described as clearly as possible.
Under the title ‘TESTS AND FINDINGS’ :
a)   Refractive Index : 1.66. 
This result can be obtained by using a Refractometer.
 b)  Specific Gravity : 3.32
This result can be obtained by using the Hydrostatic method. Since this is an unmounted jade piece and it is quite small, this testing procedure is easily carried out.
c)   Fluorescence : L.W – Weak white in patches / S.W – Inert
Natural Jadeite Jade when exposed to Long Wave and Short Wave Ultraviolet light may emit weak white streaks or remains inert. When a jade piece fluorescences strongly then possibly it is an enhanced jade.
d)  Spectroscope : Fine chrome lines in the red
em_spectrum
The Electromagnetic Spectrum
The spectroscope is used to analyze light passing through a stone. White light is a combination of all the colors of the visible spectrum: red, orange, yellow, green, blue, indigo, and violet. When white light travels though a gemstone, one or more of the wavelengths that produce color are absorbed by the gem. The colors that are not absorbed are the colors seen when we look at the stone.
The wavelengths that are absorbed by the stone are seen in the spectroscope as vertical black lines in the spectrum. Each gemstone has a unique absorption spectrum (like a fingerprint of the stone) When identifying a stone we look for a spectrum that is characteristic for that stone.
 e)   Texture by Eye / By Magnification : Fine to medium grain aggregates / Fibrous and granular texture.
These observations conform to the texture of jadeite jade.
 f)    Under Chelsea Colour Filter : Green
Some dyed jadeite jade may appear reddish under a Chelsea Filter, but not all dyed jade. This is an additional test but is not diagnostic nor conclusive and it shows that procedures undertaken by the gemologist is thorough, exhaustive and well documented.
 g)  Polymer Detection : No polymer is detected.
Below this description are two charts showing the spectrum as scanned by an FTIR equipment. Both charts are the same, the first chart has the Y-axis as the Percent Transmittance while the second chart has the Y-axis as absorbance. The bell curve on the right is the molecular fingerprint of a jadeite jade. When polymers are detected there are certain peaks and these peaks identified the jadeite jade to be polymer impregnated. There are none shown on the charts.
 With all these tests being carried out , the gemologist concluded that the sample tested is Natural Jadeite Jade and the final diagnostic test on the FTIR determined that the jade piece is free from polymer.
Hence, the Conclusion is “Natural Jadeite” with a remark stating that “Sometimes known in the trade as “A Jade”.
Some of the gemological tests on the above are described in my earlier posts. Please use the Search function if you want to be clear on these gemological terms and tests.
In latter posts I shall show you some gem lab reports that are flawed and thus one has to be on the alert for these so-called gemologist.

Ref:jadeitejade





Gem Certification

AJS Gem CertificateWe include our AJS Gems certificate with every gem we sell. This is our guarantee that your gem is natural and exactly as described. These certificates include all the information about your gem, including size, weight, origin and any enhancements.
Many of our gems also include certificates from independent gemological labs, such as GemResearch Swisslab (GRS). But we offer optional certification for all our gems.
Certification by independent gemological laboratories plays a key role in the international gemstone trade, providing assurance to both buyers and sellers. As a dealer, we want to ensure that all the gems we sell are exactly as described, so we have samples of all our gems tested at independent gem labs.
You will find that many of our gems, especially larger rubies and sapphires, have certificates included when we offer them for sale. You can view the certificates online when you visit the detail pages for the relevant gems.
We have most of our gems ceritifed by GemResearch Swisslab (GRS), one of the leading gemological labs in the world for colored gemstones. GRS certificates are accepted by the top auction houses such as Sothetby's and Christie's. For jadeite certification we use the Gem & Jewelry Institute of Thailand (GIT), world experts in jade. We also occasionally use other laboratories in Bangkok, such as Tokyo Gem Lab and the Asian Institute of Gemological Sciences (AIGS).
We are glad to obtain a lab certificate for any gem in our collection which has not already been certified. Below is the pricing for certification from various labs in Bangkok. Please contact us if you need certification for a gem.

Ref:http://www.ajsgem.com/articles/gem-certification.html

ၾကည့္လိုုက္ပါအံုုး အမိေျမက လက္မွတ္ေလးေတြ.....




 ေက်ာက္မ်က္ဓတ္ခြဲခန္းလက္မွတ္ေလးေတြရႏိုုင္တဲ့ေနရာေတြပါ....


Asia Glory Gemmological Laboratory (Ext. 631) - Myanmar

Gems Testing

Rm# 2, 1st Flr., Super World Hall, Bogyoke Aung San Market, Pabedan Tsp. Yangon
Phone: (01) 240966,256411
Email:
Website: 


F.G.A (Ext. 795) - Myanmar

Gems Testing

7, North Wing, Bogyoke Aung San Market, Pabedan Tsp. Yangon
Phone: (01) 256411,240966
Email:
Website: 
Gemological Science Centre (GSC)
Gems Testing

59, 3rd Flr., 27th St., Lower Blk., Pabedan Tsp. Yangon
Phone: (01) 571028,09-5002581
Email:
Website: 
M.G.A (Mandalay Gem Association Trading Co., Ltd.) - Myanmar
Gems Testing

9-A/B, 77th St., Bet. 26th & 27th St. Mandalay
Phone: (02) 31248,09-2001598
Email:
Website: 
Mandaing Kyaw
Gems Testing

134, Yuzana St., Ward (41), North Dagon Tsp. Yangon
Phone: (01) 09-73491405,09-5054270
Email: ustmining@gmail.com
Website:
Adv
Myanmar Gems Trade Laboratory (Ext. 1398) - Myanmar
Gems Testing

380, Rm# 98/99, FMI Centre, Bogyoke Aung San Rd., Pabedan Tsp. Yangon
Phone: (01) 240400,246788
Email:
Website: 
Stalwart Gem Laboratory (Ext. 1133, 1134)
Gems Testing

380, Rm# 33/34, 1st Flr., FMI Centre, Bogyoke Aung San Rd., Pabedan Tsp. Yangon
Phone: (01) 240400,246988
Email:
Website: 
Summit - Myanmar
Gems Testing

23, Face Wing (Upstair), Bogyoke Aung San Market, Pabedan Tsp. Yangon
Phone: (01) 253508,241235
Email:
Website:


Super Yadanar (Ext. 631)          
Gems Testing

2, Bogyoke Aung San Market, Bogyoke Aung San Rd., Pabedan Tsp. Yangon
Phone: (01) 240966,
Email:
Website: 


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